# C++ Program For Bisection Method

The bisection method is a root finding numerical method. Given a function the bisection method finds the real roots of the function. In this article you will learn to write a program for bisection method.

## Problem Definition

The bisection method find the real roots of a function. Suppose you are given a function $f(x)$ and interval [a…b] the bisection method will find a value $c$ such that $f(c) = 0$.

Read More: Bisection Method

The value $c$ lies between the interval [a…b]. There few rules to find roots using bisection method.

• The sign of $f(a) \neq$ sign of $f(b)$.
• The function $f(x)$ must be continuous.
• Cuts the interval into 2 halves and continue searching smaller half for roots.
• Keep cutting the interval into smaller and smaller halves until interval is too small.
• The final value at the smallest interval is the root.

## Program Code – Bisection Method


/* C++ Program to evaluate a function using Bisection Method

Function: F(x) = x^3-4x-9

File Name: BisectionMethod.CPP

Author: NotesforMSc
*/

#include "iostream.h"
#include "stdio.h"
#include "conio.h"
#include "math.h"
#define MAX 20

void main()
{
int i;
double a, b, m,fa,fm;

//Initialize variables

fa = fm = 0.0;
m = 0.0;
clrscr();

cout << "\n\t Enter initial value:";
cin >> a;
cout << a << endl;
cin >> b;
cout << b << endl;
cout << "\n\n\t\t SOLUTION BY BISECTION METHOD"<< endl;

// Bisection Method

i = 1;

while(i < MAX)
{
m = (a + b)/2.0;
fa = (a * a * a) - 4 * a - 9;
fm = (m * m * m) - 4 * m - 9;

//Check the smaller intercal

if(fa < 0 && fm > 0) {
b = m;
}
else {
a = m;
}
i++;

}

//Print the Results

cout << "\n\t Result";
cout << "\n\t Root is" << " " << m << endl;

getch();

}



## Output – Bisection Method


Enter Initial Value: 2
2
3
3
SOLUTION BY BISECTION METHOD

Result
Root is 2.70653


### References:-

Shun Yan Cheung () The Bisection Method, Available at: http://www.mathcs.emory.edu/~cheung/Courses/170/Syllabus/07/bisection.html (Accessed: 6/19/2019).

University of Waterloo, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering () Topic 10.1: Bisection Method (Examples), Available at: https://ece.uwaterloo.ca/~dwharder/NumericalAnalysis/10RootFinding/bisection/examples.html (Accessed: 6.119/2019).