The python if-then-else statement runs a block of code based on the condition which can be true or false. Sometimes you need to check multiple conditions event after a block is true. This is achieved using python nested if statements.
For example, assume that a user is trying to login to a system. This can be easily implemented using a single if-then-else statement. First, we check the username and then check the password and allow user to login to the system. Consider the following python code.
username = input("Enter Username: ") password = input("Enter Password: ") # Now we check the username and password and print success else failure if username == "Donald" and password == "test@3344": print("Success") else: print("Failure")
Note that the program does the job, but in case the password or username is wrong, it does not tell you anything and prints only. Therefore, to solve problem like this we can use a nested statement or or any such constructs. Consider the modified code below.
username = input("Enter Username: ") password = input("Enter Password: ") # check the username first if username == "Robin": # Check password now if password == "test#1212": print("Login Successful") else: print("Password Incorrect! try again!") else: # print the failure message for username print("Invalid User")
The code above will be able to tell us the reason for failure. it may be username or password, but we will know. The nested can even be possible in or block.
customerName = "Peter" name = input("Enter customer name: ") cardType = "Visa" password = "test@3344" attempt = 3 for i in range(attempt): # Withdraw the money from ATM if customerName == name: print("Customer verified") if cardType == "Visa": print("Card verified") if password == "test@3344": print("Withdraw Cash Now") else: print("Incorrect Password") else: print("Invalid Card") else: print("Invalid Customer") if i >= 2: print("Try again later!") else: print("Try again!") name = input("Enter customer name:")
The output of the program is as follows.
=========== RESTART: C:/Python_projects/Customer_ATM_Nested_IF.py =========== Enter customer name: Kiran Invalid Customer Try again! Enter customer name:Larson Invalid Customer Try again! Enter customer name:Romeo Invalid Customer Try again later!