HTML 5 Semantic Elements and JavaScript Basics

There are two category of HTML 5 elements listed below.

  • Block level elements
  • Inline elements

Block elements such as<mark style="background-color:rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);color:#b61515" class="has-inline-color"> </mark><h1> and <p> tags take the entire width of the document.

Inline elements such as <b> and <em>,<i>,<img> element will take just enough space within a block

HTML 5 Block and Semantics elements
Figure 1 – HTML 5 Block and Inline elements

HTML 5 Semantic Element

There is no concept of document design in HTML. There is not structural meaning to the HTML elements.
Hence, Introducing HTML 5 semantic web elements and here is the list.

  • <article>
  • <aside>
  • <details>
  • <figcaption>
  • <figure>
  • <footer>
  • <header>
  • <main>
  • <mark>
  • <nav>
  • <section>
  • <summary>
  • <time>

Each of these tags can define the content they hold.

JavaScript Data Types

JavaScript variables are container for values and can hold different types of data. Re-declaration is allowed, except in ECMAScript such as ES5, ES6 and so on. To declare a variable use following syntax:

var total = 234.80;

Now, we will check different types of variables.

//simple integer
var num = 34;
// floating point number
var secondNumber = 34.666;
var name = " Peter Pan";
//You can use single quotes
var firstName = 'John';

When using a single quote or double quotes to enclose a string. Sometimes you need to use a single or double quote in the middle of the string. Use escape character (\”) or (\’).

var result = " You've Passed"; 
/*here not need to use escape character because double quote can enclose a single quote or single quote can enclose a double. Make sure inner quote is different from outer.*/
var arr = [34, 'tim', true, 33.77];

Array can contain different types of values. The array index starts with 0.

//Will print the first element in the array.
//JavaScript Objects
//The JavaScript supports multiple type in the form of //key value pair.
//To declare a JavaScript object.
var car = {
     "Model No": "Hundai",
     "price": 2000,

To access an object property.

  • Use dot notation. Example: Console.log(car.Price);
  • Use bracket notation. Example: Console.log([‘Model No’]);
// store the property in a variable
 var res = "Model No";

JavaScript Operators

Arithmetic OperatorsDescription
JavaScript Arithmetic Operators

Comparison Operators

Logical and
Comparison Operators
>greater than
<less than
>=greater than or equal to
<=less than or equal to
!=not equal to
!==strict not equal to
==equal to
===strict equal to
||logical or
&&logical and
!logical not
Logical operators

How to Check Data Type in JavaScript?

To check the data type of any data element, use the typeof keyword.

var roll = 4455;
console.log (typeof roll);
//returns number

What will happen if combine number and string type?

console.log ("Str" + 44) ;
// output Str44
console.log(44 + 20 + "STR");
//output 64STR

The //output 64STR because JavaScript thinks that it a number and adds two number and when string comes.
Everything is converted to string. JavaScript accept the latest type available.